The Indian Chameleon in Jhalawar (India)
Three scientists from India have recently published a survey of reptile and amphibian occurrences. The Jhalawar study area is located at the southernmost tip of the state of Rajasthan in northwest India. It is located on the edge of the Malwa Plateau, a volcanic highland. The area lies well to the southwest of the Ganges River, which is generally considered the distribution limit of the Indian Chameleon (Chamaeleo zeylanicus). The climate is divided into a long summer season and a shorter winter, which lasts from October to February. During the summer, temperatures above 45°C are common, while in winter temperatures can drop to as low as 1°C.
The three researchers were on site for about six hours each for 70 days. To search for reptiles and amphibians, they rummaged through loose soil as well as the foliage layer and visually searched for animals in parallel. 45 different species of reptiles and amphibians were found. Chamaeleo zeylanicus was documented for the first time in Rajasthan.
Herpeto-faunal diversity study: Analysis and critical observations from south-eastern Rajasthan, India
Yadav Vijay Kumar, Nama Krishnendra Singh, Sudhindran Rimal
Indian Journal of Ecology 49 (5), 2022: pp. 1581-1587